COURSE INSTRUCTOR 
VARIES FROM SEMESTER TO SEMESTER 
BRIEF DESCRIPTION 
Introduction to Symbolic Logic. Two logical systems
are examined:
(1) Sentential Logic
(2) Predicate Logic
Work is equally divided between:
(1) translating English sentences into symbolic notation, and
(2) constructing formal derivations.

TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS 
In
order to submit homework/exams in this course, you must:
1. have an email program with fileattachment capabilities
2.
have: Windows (98 or later)
or
MAC OS X
3.
have Microsoft Word (97 or later)
For
help on these matters, click here.

TEXT 
Hardegree, Symbolic Logic: A First Course, Third
Edition.
A hard copy is available at the Amherst Books.
An online version of an earlier edition is available on this web
site. 
TAKEHOME EXAMS 
There are six exams plus four "tiny" practice
exams. I will neither grade nor collect the practice exams, but the answers to them will be made available online.
Exam #5 is very similar to Exam #3.
Exam #6 is very similar to Exam #4.
For dates, see Schedule. 
DROPPING TWO LOWEST SCORES 
In calculating your final numerical score, I drop the lowest score of the oddnumbered exams and the lowest score of the evennumbered exams. A missed exam counts as a zero. 
USING THE OPTIONAL EXAMS TO IMPROVE YOUR GRADE 
Exams #5 and #6 can be used to improve your grade,
in case you are not satisfied with your grade after the first four exams. Exam #5 may replace the score for either Exam #1 or Exam #3. Exam #6 may replace the score for either Exam #2 or Exam #4.
Note that there is no risk in taking these optional exams. 
FINAL LETTER GRADE 
There are six total exams, each worth 100 points. Two
exam scores are dropped, so the maximum total score is 400. Your final letter
grade is computed on the basis of your total numerical score, according
to the following scale. 
THE SCALE 
A 
A 
B+ 
B 
B 
C+ 
C 
C 
D+ 
D 
F 
380
–
400 
360
–
379 
340
–
359 
320
–
339 
300
–
319 
280
–
299 
260
–
279 
240
–
259 
220
–
239 
200
–
219 
0
–
199 
